Anhydrous Ammonia (NH3) Ammonia (NH3) is a pungent, colorless, toxic gas more commonly called anhydrous ammonia. When ammonia is added to carbon dioxide to produce urea, it is the building block chemical for lots of agricultural fertilizers. Until the end of the nineteenth century, just about all fertilizers were organic in the modern sense. They were obtained from composting agricultural, animal and human waste. As the world population grew, so did its need to feed itself. Far to many years of slash and burn agriculture, along with harvesting the same crops in the same fields for generations had led to critical soil depletion. Imported guano was getting costly as crops yields were falling. Haber’s process of directly combining nitrogen and hydrogen to create ammonia was the genesis of an entire synthetic fertilizer industry in Europe and North America. Once premium quality, plentiful and inexpensive ammonia came on the market, in addition to agricultural chemicals, a new synthetic dye industry developed, as well as the first successful automatic document duplication process. Nowadays most world-scale ammonia is produced and directly utilized in the agriculture industries. Cylinder quantities of Anhydrous 99.99% Pure Ammonia are also used in agricultural and fertilizer research, metal treatment, wastewater treatment and pharmaceuticals, and when mixed with water to create aqueous ammonia, in cleaning products. Ultra High Purity Ammonia, 99.999% is used as a blending component in calibration gases for emission and personal hygiene monitoring, as well as some specialty semiconductor manufacturing. Richmond, Virginia customers looking for a reliable, local source to produce ammonia specialty gases should contact Arc3 Gases. Their strong record of service in the area coupled with the backing from PurityPlus® Specialty Gases makes giving them an easy decision.